Crookes radiometer – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

September 15, 2016

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When a radiant energy source is directed at a Crookes radiometer, the radiometer becomes a heat engine.[citation needed] The operation of a heat engine is based on a difference in temperature that is converted to a mechanical output. In this case, the black side of the vane becomes hotter than the other side, as radiant energy from a light source warms the black side by black-body absorption faster than the silver or white side. The internal air molecules are heated up when they touch the black side of the vane.
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https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crookes_radiometer

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