Posts Tagged ‘privacy’

There Are Spying Eyes Everywhere—and Now They Share a Brain | WIRED

October 20, 2021 data integration

Why Do We Care So Much About Privacy?

October 17, 2021

Opinion | Twelve Million Phones, One Dataset, Zero Privacy – The New York Times

September 4, 2021

Expanding Access to Large-Scale Genomic Data While Promoting Privacy: A Game Theoretic Approach: The American Journal of Human Genetics

August 29, 2021

Expanding Access to Large-Scale Genomic Data While Promoting Privacy: A Game Theoretic Approach

Zhiyu Wan
Yevgeniy Vorobeychik
Weiyi Xia
Ellen Wright Clayton
Murat Kantarcioglu
Bradley Malin

Published:January 05, 2017

Apple AirTags only partly stop stalking – The Washington Post

August 20, 2021

A growing number of governments hope to clone America’s DARPA | The Economist

August 10, 2021


Using messenger rna to make vaccines was an unproven idea. But if it worked, the technique would revolutionise medicine, not least by providing protection against infectious diseases and biological weapons. So in 2013 America’s Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (darpa) gambled. It awarded a small, new firm called Moderna $25m to develop the idea. Eight years, and more than 175m doses later, Moderna’s covid-19 vaccine sits alongside weather satellites, gps, drones, stealth technology, voice interfaces, the personal computer and the internet on the list of innovations for which darpa can claim at least partial credit.
On paper, the approach is straightforward. Take enormous, reckless gambles on things so beneficial that only a handful need work to make the whole venture a success. As Arun Majumdar, founding director of arpa-e, America’s energy agency, puts it: “If every project is succeeding, you’re not trying hard enough.” Current (unclassified) darpa projects include mimicking insects’ nervous systems in order to reduce the computation required for artificial intelligence and working out how to protect soldiers from the enemy’s use of
genome-editing technologies.

Stackelberg competition – Wikipedia

June 20, 2021

What your gut says about you – ScienceDirect

April 29, 2021
microbiome privacy, referring to a paper by Boston-based researchers

CryptoKitties, Explained … Mostly – The New York Times

March 28, 2021

CryptoKitties, Explained … Mostly – The New York Times

‘Sanitizing’ functional genomics data may prevent privacy breaches | Spectrum | Autism Research News

January 16, 2021


The new data ‘sanitization’ technique obscures regions of a
participant’s genome in a dataset to secure her privacy, and may encourage more people to participate in genetic studies, says lead investigator Mark Gerstein, professor of biomedical informatics at Yale University.

“If someone hacks into your email, you can get a new email address; or if someone hacks your credit card, you can get a new credit card,” Gerstein says. “If someone hacks your genome, you can’t get a new one.”

To determine which information and how much of it should remain private to prevent a linkage attack, Gerstein and his colleagues performed linkage attacks on existing genetic datasets. In one sample attack, they compared two publicly available databases and RNA sequencing results to successfully identify 421 individuals.

In another linkage attack, Gerstein’s team sequenced the RNA of two volunteers and shuffled these data into a larger dataset. They then obtained DNA samples from the volunteers’ used coffee cups and sequenced their genomes. Again, they could link the two individuals to their genomes with a high degree of certainty.

Based on what they learned from the mock linkage attacks, Gerstein’s team developed a technique to mask some variants from a person’s genetic data while preserving where those variants are located in the genome. To do this, they replace the genetic variant of concern with one from a reference genome; which variants are removed depend on the genetic conditions or predispositions someone’s genetic data reveals.

Introducing too many of these privacy-masking variants can decrease the usefulness of the data. But Gerstein’s team struck a balance that enables researchers to obtain data on gene-expression values but also enables study participants to dictate how much of their genetic information they wish to keep hidden.