Genome-wide…analysis implicates miRNA dysregulation in #ASD http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v19/n11/full/nn.4373.html 58 diff. expr. miRNAs incl 17 strongly down in cases
The miRNA expression profiles were very similar between the frontal and temporal cortex, but were distinct in the cerebellum
(Supplementary Fig. 2a–f), consistent with previous observations for mRNAs11, 12. We therefore combined 95 covariate-matched samples (47 samples from 28 ASD cases and 48 samples from 28 controls;
Supplementary Fig. 1c and Supplementary Table 1) from the FC and TC for differential gene expression (DGE) analysis, comparing ASD and CTL using a linear mixed-effects regression framework to control for potential confounders (Online Methods). We identified 58 miRNAs showing significant (false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.05) expression changes between ASD and CTL: 17 were downregulated and 41 were upregulated in ASD cortex (Fig. 1b and Supplementary Table 2). The fold changes for the differentially expressed miRNAs were highly concordant between the FC and TC (Pearson correlation coefficient R = 0.96, P < 2.2 × 10−16; Fig. 1c).